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The Top Four Israeli Prime Ministers
Ralph Nurnberger

COURSE DESCRIPTION: An expert on Israel recently listed the four “top” Prime Ministers in the history of Israel to be David Ben Gurion, Golda Meir, Menachem Begin and Yitzhak Rabin. This lecture series will examine their lives and times, focusing on the years each served as Israeli Prime Minister. Each of these leaders faced enormous challenges and had to make momentous decisions that determined the nation's future. Immediately after the country declared its independence, Israel was attacked by its neighboring nations. David Ben Gurion had to repel the attacks, while simultaneously absorbing thousands of refugees from the devastation of World War II. Golda Meir became Prime Minister when her predecessor, Levi Eskol, passed away. Her biggest challenge came in 1973 when Egypt and Syria simultaneously attacked Israel on Yom Kippur. Although Menachem Begin advocated the territorial expansion of Israel, in negotiations with Anwar Sadat sponsored by President Jimmy Carter at Camp David, he ultimately relinquished over 90 percent of the land gained in the 1967 War when he agreed to turn over Sinai in exchange for peace with Egypt. Yitzhak Rabin was a renowned general who helped Israel win the Six Day War in 1967, in which Israel more than tripled the territory under its control. During his second term as Prime Minister (1992-95), he met with Yasser Arafat on the White House lawn which began the Oslo Peace process with the Palestinians, but ultimately led to his assassination in November, 1995.
LECTURES:
1. David Ben Gurion – Establishing the state
2. Golda Meir – Repelling the Egyptian and Syrian attack
3. Menachem Begin – Camp David Accords with Egypt
4. Yitzhak Rabin – The Oslo Peace process
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION: Dr. Ralph Nurnberger is a Professor of International Relations at Georgetown University, where he has taught since 1975.  He received the "Excellence in Teaching" award from the Graduate School of Liberal Studies in 2003.  His most recent course at Georgetown was a graduate seminar on the Arab-Israel conflict.  Dr. Nurnberger has served on the professional staff of the Senate Foreign Relations committee, as a Senior Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), Legislative Liaison for the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC); and Director of Congressional Relations for the Bureau of Export Administration at the U.S. Department of Commerce.  He was the first Director of "Builders of Peace" which was established to assist the Middle East Peace Process through economic development.  He has also advised numerous congressional, senatorial and presidential campaigns on foreign policy issues, especially those related to the Middle East.  Dr. Nurnberger received his BA from Queens College, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and was captain of the Varsity Tennis Team.  He holds an MA from Columbia University and a Ph.D. from Georgetown University.

W243B
Time: 1:45 pm - 3:30 pm
Date: Tuesdays, February 3, 10, 17, 24
Location: Barry and Florence Friedberg Auditorium, Boca Raton Campus
Fees: $34 member / $54 non-member

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